Cyrous the Great
Cyrous iranian King ,King of the Pars King of
Persia wrote Human Rights ca. 2600 years ago.
He said: everybody has right to choose to select his Language,
his Religion, his Work and his Land to live.
Nobody is permitted to force another One to work for him
without Payment. He made Jews free from Babylon.
( 559-529 BC )
(The Official Text)
I am Cyrus, King of
the globe, great king, mighty king, King of Babylon, king of the land of Sumer
and Akad, King of ......, king of the four quarters of Earth, son of Cambysis
(Kambujiye), great king, king of Anshan, grandson of Cyrus (Kurosh), great king,
king of Anshan, descendant of Teispes (Chaish Pish), great king, king of Anshan,
progeny of an unending royal line, whose rule, The Gods, Bel and Nabu cherish,
whose kingship they desire for their hearts' and pleasures.
When I well disposed,
entered Babylon, I had established the seat of government in the royal palace of
the ruler, amidst jubilation and rejoicing. Marduk the great god, induced the
magnanimous inhabitants of Babylon to love me, and I sought daily to worship him
...... when my
numerous soldiers in great numbers peacefully entered Babylon and moved about
undisturbed in the midst of the Babylon, I did not allow anyone to terrorize the
people of the lands of Sumer and Akad and ...... I kept in view, the needs of
the people and all their sanctuaries to promote their well being. I strove for
peace in Babylon and in all his other sacred cities. As to the inhabitants of
Babylon who against the will of the gods were enslaved, I abolished the corvee
which was against their social standing, I freed all slaves. I brought relief to
their dilapidated housing, putting thus an end to their misfortunes and slavery
...... Marduk, the
great lord, was well pleased with my deeds, rejoiced and to me, Cyrus, the king
who worshipped him, and to Cambysis, my son, the offspring of my loins, and to
all my troops he graciously gave his blessing, and in good sprit, before him we
stood peacefully and praised him joyously.
All the kings who sat
in throne rooms, throughout the four quarters, from the Upper Sea (Mediterranean
Sea) to the Lower Sea (Persian Gulf), those who dwelt in ...... and all those
who live in other types of buildings as well as all the kings of the West Land,
who dwelt in tents, brought me their heavy tribute and kissed my feet in The
Babylon. As to the region, from ...... to the cities of Ashur, Susa (Shoosh),
Agade and Eshnuna, the cities of Zamban, Me-Turnu, Der as far as the region of
the land of Gutium, the holy cities beyond the Tigris River, whose sanctuaries
had been in ruins over a long period, the gods whose abode is in the midst of
them, I returned to their places and housed them in lasting abodes.
I also gathered all
their former inhabitants and returned to them their habitations. Furthermore, I
resettled upon the command of Marduk, the great lord, all the gods of Sumer and
Akad whom Nabonid had brought into Babylon to the anger of the lord of the gods,
unharmed, in their former chapels, the places which makes them happy.
May all the gods whom
I have placed within their sanctuaries and resettled in their sacred cities,
address a daily prayer in my favor before Bel and Nabu, that my days may be
long, and may they recommend me to him, to Marduk my lord, they may say: "May
Cyrus the King, who worships thee, and Cambysis his son ...... all gods I
settled in a peaceful place, I sacrificed ducks and doves, I endeavored to
repair their dwelling places ......